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  • Writer's pictureAnees Bhayat

Lessons from Sūrah 5 - Sūrat Al-Mā’idah

  1. Honour your contracts and promises.

  2. Islām is the perfect and complete religion.

  3. Sometimes, when instructing people to do something that they may find difficult, explain yourself to them.[1]

  4. You will always continue to hear of various deceptions from the majority of Jews.

  5. Mūsā عليه السلام had a very difficult task in handling the Banū Isrā’īl; one that he accomplished successfully. The Prophet ﷺ acknowledged this also when he said, “May Allāh have mercy on Mūsā! Indeed he was caused much more difficulty than this, but he remained patient.” (Al-Bukhārī)[2]

  6. The rebels are to be administered severe punishment for their crimes.

  7. Whoever Allāh wishes to lead astray, even a Prophet cannot help them in anyway. Therefore, we should always ask Allāh for guidance and steadfastness.[3]

  8. The disbelievers on the Day of Judgment will try their utmost to free themselves from the punishment of Jahannam, all in vain.[4]

  9. Some people are so evil at heart, that clear revelation from Allāh drives them further in their mischief and disbelief, instead of bringing them closer.[5]

  10. Despite all the blasphemy of the Jews, Allāh is still willing to forgive them if they turn to Him in sincere repentance.

  11. Fulfil your oaths.

  12. Shayṭān tries creating disunity and enmity between Muslims through sins: especially intoxicants and gambling, together with causing neglect in remembering Allāh.

  13. Despite being Forgiving and Merciful, Allāh is also severe in punishment.

[1] مَا يُرِيدُ ٱللَّهُ لِيَجۡعَلَ عَلَيۡكُم مِّنۡ حَرَجٍ وَلَـٰكِن يُرِيدُ لِيُطَهِّرَكُمۡ وَلِيُتِمَّ نِعۡمَتَهُ عَلَيۡكُمۡ لَعَلَّكُمۡ تَشۡكُرُونَ (٥: ٦)

[2] حَدَّثَنَا قُتَيْبَةُ بْنُ سَعِيدٍ، حَدَّثَنَا جَرِيرٌ، عَنْ مَنْصُورٍ، عَنْ أَبِي وَائِلٍ، عَنْ عَبْدِ اللَّهِ رَضِيَ اللَّهُ عَنْهُ، قَالَ: لَمَّا كَانَ يَوْمُ حُنَيْنٍ آثَرَ النَّبِيُّ صَلَّى اللهُ عَلَيْهِ وَسَلَّمَ نَاسًا، أَعْطَى الأَقْرَعَ مِائَةً مِنَ الإِبِلِ، وَأَعْطَى عُيَيْنَةَ مِثْلَ ذَلِكَ، وَأَعْطَى نَاسًا، فَقَالَ رَجُلٌ: مَا أُرِيدَ بِهَذِهِ القِسْمَةِ وَجْهُ اللَّهِ، فَقُلْتُ: لَأُخْبِرَنَّ النَّبِيَّ ﷺ، قَالَ: «رَحِمَ اللَّهُ مُوسَى، قَدْ أُوذِيَ بِأَكْثَرَ مِنْ هَذَا فَصَبَرَ» (رواه البخاري)

[3] وَمَن يُرِدِ ٱللَّهُ فِتۡنَتَهُ فَلَن تَمۡلِكَ لَهُ مِنَ ٱللَّهِ شَيۡـًٔا ‌ۚ أُوْلَـٰٓٮِٕكَ ٱلَّذِينَ لَمۡ يُرِدِ ٱللَّهُ أَن يُطَهِّرَ قُلُوبَهُمۡ‌ ۚ لَهُمۡ فِى ٱلدُّنۡيَا خِزۡىٌ‌ ۖ وَلَهُمۡ فِى ٱلۡأَخِرَةِ عَذَابٌ عَظِيمٌ (٥: ٤١)

[4] إِنَّ ٱلَّذِينَ كَفَرُواْ لَوۡ أَنَّ لَهُم مَّا فِى ٱلۡأَرۡضِ جَمِيعًا وَمِثۡلَهُ ۥ مَعَهُ ۥ لِيَفۡتَدُواْ بِهِ ۦ مِنۡ عَذَابِ يَوۡمِ ٱلۡقِيَـٰمَةِ مَا تُقُبِّلَ مِنۡهُمۡ ‌ۖ وَلَهُمۡ عَذَابٌ أَلِيمٌ (٥: ٣٦)

[5] ... وَلَيَزِيدَنَّ كَثِيرًا مِّنۡهُم مَّآ أُنزِلَ إِلَيۡكَ مِن رَّبِّكَ طُغۡيَـٰنًا وَكُفۡرًا‌ ۚ (٥: ٦٤)

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